Climate Policy Programme Brazil
Title: IKI climate policy programme, Brazil
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (Ministério do Meio Ambiente, MMA)
Overall term: 2016 to 2021
In recent years, Brazil has started to develop and implement a comprehensive national climate policy. In September 2016, the country submitted its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to the United Nations (UN). The aim is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 37 per cent by 2025 and by 43 per cent by 2030 (relative to 2005 levels). In the run-up to this, nine sector plans for reducing emissions, an adaptation plan, a national climate act and a national climate plan for implementing this act have been prepared.
As a consequence of these new objectives, Brazil faces the challenge of restructuring climate governance and updating national climate policy instruments that have an impact on individual sections of society and investment programmes.
Brazil is successfully implementing selected areas of the national climate policy.
The project is working closely with the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Economy and other partner institutions in the following areas of national climate policy:
- Transparency system: A monitoring system is being set up in several ministries and institutions. It monitors the impacts of and progress achieved by measures and strategies for the implementation of NDCs.
- International financial instrument for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+): The conditions for implementing the national REDD+ strategy are being improved – for example, by including and training representatives of indigenous and traditional peoples and their communities.
- Adaptation plan: The project is drawing up vulnerability maps for all 5,570 municipalities as part of the national adaptation plan. These show the degree of vulnerability of these districts to drought, landslides and flooding.
- National Climate Fund: The institutional capacities of the National Climate Fund are being strengthened.
- Climate finance: The project is supporting state and private actors to implement measures, strategies and instruments in the area of climate finance.
- Emissions registry: Together with the Ministry of Economy, the GFA Consulting Group, WayCarbon and the Environment Agency Austria are evaluating the regulatory impact of different concepts for facility-specific greenhouse gas reporting.
- Knowledge management: Cooperation and the flow of information between the main stakeholders in Brazilian climate policy are being continually improved.
- Interaction between ministries on the selection of strategies and key data for the purposes of adapting to and mitigating climate change has been strengthened.
- Dialogue between governments and civil society on how to shape the REDD+ strategy has been greatly improved thanks to the increased participation of representatives of indigenous and traditional peoples and their communities.
- With the support of this programme, the Brazilian government has drawn up reform proposals for the Brazilian Climate Fund aimed at increasing its effectiveness through third-party funding.
- Various options have been drawn up for the design of a decision-making tool, which assesses the regulatory impact of different concepts of facility-specific greenhouse gas reporting on the future development of economic instruments, such as a CO2 tax or emissions trading.
- Exchange on climate issues has improved, for example by creating a network of all the International Climate Initiative (IKI) projects operating in Brazil and their partner organisations.
- Dialogue between institutions on recommendations for a strategy to implement the NDCs has been strengthened thanks to the work of the Brazilian Forum on Climate Change.