Protection of biodiversity in the ASEAN region
Title: Institutional Strengthening of the Biodiversity Sector in the ASEAN II (ISB II)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Countries: ASEAN Member States
Lead executing agency: ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB)
Overall term: 2019 to 2021
The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) region is widely diverse and boasts of accommodating roughly 20 per cent of the world’s flora and fauna species, 35 per cent of global mangrove forests and 28 per cent of coral reefs worldwide. The lives and survival of over 600 million people depend directly or indirectly on the conservation of these natural resources for food, health and their livelihoods. However, the biodiversity and the habitats on land and in the sea continue to be massively under pressure. The ten member states of ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam) have recognised that national protection strategies are falling short, and the regional cooperation in the field of biodiversity protection needs to intensify.
In response, ASEAN has created the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB), an intergovernmental organisation, tasked to facilitate cooperation and coordination among the 10 ASEAN Member States (AMS) the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of such natural treasures.
ACB successfully implements elements of its revised strategic framework to enhance biodiversity conservation and mainstreaming in the ASEAN region.
The ISB II project provides an opportunity to integrate lessons and experiences gained from the ISB I Project into regional strategies for biodiversity conservation. As such, the project will be implemented through four areas of intervention:
- Organisational Development. The project will assist ACB in the implementation of its revised strategic framework for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in the ASEAN region.
- ASEAN Heritage Parks (AHP) Programme. The ASEAN Heritage Parks are selected protected areas in the ASEAN region known for their unique biodiversity and ecosystems, wilderness; outstanding values; and, importance as conservation areas. ACB is designated as the AHP Secretariat. The project will support the development of a regional monitoring and evaluation system for the AHP Programme to enhance management effectiveness.
- Facilitation of joint ASEAN positions on CBD and related international processes. The project will assist ACB to facilitate the elaboration of joint ASEAN positions for the negotiations of a new global post-2020 biodiversity framework. In addition, the project will also support the development of digitised tools to analyse the status of regional progress in the fulfilment of the Aichi biodiversity targets and corresponding Sustainable Development Goals.
- Mainstreaming Biodiversity. The project aims to empower ACB to address the mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation into other relevant sectors.