Moving Chile: Upscaling electric mobility in Chile and internationally
Title: Moving Chile
Commissioned by: Federal German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Lead executing agency: Chilean Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications, Ministry of Environment
Overall term: 2019 to 2021
Achieving the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement requires global decarbonisation of the transport sector by the middle of the century. Chile has committed in its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to reduce its CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 30 to 45 per cent below the 2007 level by 2030. The NDC is currently being revised.
The transport sector plays a crucial role in achieving those objectives. In the last ten years, transport emissions in Chile have increased by about 20 per cent. In 2013 they amounted to 24.5 Megatons of CO2 equivalent and accounted for 29 per cent of the country's total emissions. With 89 per cent, road transport is the largest emitter, mainly from trucks and buses. Without countermeasures, a sustained increase is expected.
Since 2017, the Chilean government has been pursuing an electric mobility strategy with the ambitious goal of converting 40 per cent of the passenger car fleet and 100 per cent of buses to electric vehicles by 2050. This can only succeed if the private sector becomes more involved, namely because almost all Chilean bus systems are privately operated.
The enabling environment to scale up electric mobility as a means to decarbonise the transport sector is improved in Chile and internationally.
The project cooperates with the Chilean Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications and the Ministry of Environment in implementing their Electric Mobility Strategy.
In Chile the project supports the development of a financing mechanism for electric mobility and piloting the mechanism. The financing mechanism serves to strengthen private sector investments in electric mobility and to accelerate the deployment of charging infrastructure and / or the procurement of electric vehicles.
On an international level, the Ministry of Transport is supported in hosting a Transport Minister Meeting at the 2019 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP25), including a declaration on transport and climate change. The Chilean COP Presidency will be used to prominently place the necessity to decarbonise the transport sector on the international agenda, thereby promoting increased ambition in other countries as well.
Further outreach will be ensured through a comprehensive communications strategy and following-up on the implementation of the declaration of transport ministers.