Title: International forest-related climate finance Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) as part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) Countries: Global Overall term: 2018 to 2021
The enormous importance of forestry and land use activities in the mitigation of climate change is undisputed. Natural climate solutions could provide up to 37 per cent of the cost-efficient mitigation measures required globally by 2030, with forests offering the greatest potential.
The New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF) is a joint international framework to halt natural forest loss by 2030, develop ‘deforestation-free’ supply chains and restore degraded and deforested lands.
The need to take action to protect forests is also anchored in the Paris Agreement and the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (particularly SDG15 ‘Life on Land’). Many countries and initiatives are already taking important steps in this regard.
However, global deforestation continues to advance and the public funding to reduce deforestation does not do justice to the possibilities for climate protection in the area of forestry and land use.
The topic of international forest and climate finance is therefore becoming increasingly important on the global agenda. There is an urgent need for focused and better coordinated action at international level.
For this reason, in 2015 Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom (the Germany-Norway-United Kingdom (GNU) Initiative) agreed to further expand their cooperation efforts with other governments and the private sector to increase the funding for forests until 2020 and beyond.
The effectiveness of forest-related climate finance is enhanced and capacities for the targeted implementation of forest and climate protection measures are strengthened in selected tropical forest countries.
In close coordination with the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the project supports increased effectiveness of forest-related climate finance. It fosters potential and capacity in partner countries in order to reduce emissions. To this end, it follows three lines of action. Firstly, the strategic positioning of the topic at international level is to be improved and progress made in mobilising private climate finance. Secondly, relevant actors are to be coordinated with the aim of achieving both effective implementation of forest-related climate finance and the objectives of NYDF. Thirdly, selected measures are to be used to make the implementation of forest-related climate finance more effective. Improved coordination of key climate finance donors and knowledge transfer from the project activities to international initiatives aim to strengthen ambitious climate protection through forests.
Thanks to the support of BMU during the planning and implementation of international events, the topic of financing nature-based solutions and the importance of international forest-related climate finance were highlighted in dialogues.
At the request of the GNU Initiative, extensive background analyses have been created and technical events with leading global experts organised on topics such as financing instruments, carbon standards, measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems, REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) and emissions trading systems.
The Accountability Framework initiative (AFi) was supported with developing the first standardised accountability framework which lays down standards and guidelines for defining, implementing and demonstrating progress in deforestation-free supply chains in agriculture and forestry. This will help to improve the reporting and monitoring of commitments from the private sector (NYDF Goal 2).
Support was provided for the establishment of a new international forest-related climate finance instrument, the single donor trust fund ‘Acceleration of Implementation for REDD+ in Africa’, (which BMU supported with EUR 15 million) in December 2018.