Promoting youth for peaceful development in Libya
Title: Promoting youth for peaceful development in Libya
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Lead executing agency: Authority for Youth and Sports
Overall term: 2019 to 2021
Since the political upheavals of 2011, Libya has been gripped by a humanitarian crisis and has become increasingly fragile. The country’s internationally recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) is under enormous pressure and has very little legitimacy. The crisis has worsened since the civil war flared up again at the start of April 2019. The current conflict between forces loyal to the government and the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) is further eroding the structure of the state. The poor economic situation, a flourishing shadow economy and the weakness of state structures are allowing corruption to thrive and are further impairing the livelihoods of the country’s citizens. This is especially true for young people up to the age of 30, who make up more than half of the population. Young men in particular were – and continue to be – the central parties in armed conflicts.
Young people are greatly affected by violence, both as victims and perpetrators. They are witnesses to the use of violence by armed militia as a legitimate means for resolving conflicts, which influences their socialisation. Municipalities lack the appropriate structures and capacities that will enable target groups to manage conflicts constructively and peacefully. Young men and women are barely involved in local decision-making and their needs and viewpoints are seldom addressed. State or civil society structures for actively promoting youth are virtually non-existent.
The project improves the political participation of young people. Youth multipliers and local administrations increasingly have the capacity to promote social and political participation.
In order to lay the foundations for better social and political participation of young people, the project focuses on three fields of action.
Strengthening the capacity of actors in the youth sector to implement measures at municipal level for promoting political inclusion and peaceful participation:
The project trains youth multipliers in methods of youth and community work and peacebuilding. These include ‘innovative’ methods that combine sport with peace work or conflict transformation.
The following measures are planned: designing and staging gender-sensitive training courses, training and seminars on conflict prevention, youth promotion, active citizenship, human rights and women’s rights, inclusion as well as sport for development.
Setting up and organising safe spaces for the social and political participation of young people, especially young women:
On the one hand, the project develops gender-sensitive proposals for using ‘physical’ spaces (sports clubs, youth centres, debating societies, premises of local non-governmental organisations). On the other hand, it designs gender-sensitive virtual spaces where young people can share their views on social and political issues. By improving the range of civil society services, such as the provision of rooms for training courses and round tables for young people, the project creates opportunities to participate actively in society.
Strengthening the capacity of local administrations to encourage the political participation of young people:
The project provides training for local government representatives from partner municipalities on methods of participatory dialogue and youth promotion in order to bring them together in a formalised dialogue with young people who have taken part in training (under field of action 1). The aim of the dialogue is to bring the attention of mayors and other responsible public officials to topics that are relevant to young people.