Strategies for expanding renewable energy

Project description

Title: Support of transformative strategies for renewable energy for climate protection in developing and newly industrialised countries
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Country: Global
Overall term: 2016 to 2021

Context

The Paris Agreement has the potential to transform global energy supply. It represents a strong commitment to rapidly reduce the use of fossil fuels in the next few decades. For the first time, states have agreed by consensus to a global energy transformation and resolved to apply various implementation mechanisms. Industrialised, emerging and developing countries face the challenge of translating the Agreement into national processes and implementing it. The energy sector plays a crucial role in achieving the long-term goal of limiting global warming to below 1.5 degrees Celsius.

As a result of the UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakesh (COP 22), which was declared to be the first conference to address implementation, the governments involved are increasingly endeavouring to implement the climate policy in their respective countries. In addition to planning long-term strategies and nationally determined contributions (NDCs), it is also becoming increasingly important to plan investment and implement the plans in different branches of industry. The energy sector, especially electricity generation and energy efficiency play key roles here.

Objective

The plans for global climate protection in line with the Paris Agreement, especially in the energy sector in developing and emerging countries, have been brought forward. These countries are implementing ambitious energy components of the NDCs and long-term strategies.

Approach

The project is working on new strategies in terms of both policy and technology. It intends to make targeted contributions to key forums and processes, thus promoting discussion on climate and energy and contributing to transformation. The main goal here is to input German positions and the experience gained from projects launched by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) into bilateral, multilateral and also global initiatives and forums, and to promote cooperation with important partners in the German Government.

In this way, the project supports the development of innovative approaches to implementing NDCs and long-term strategies in the energy sector worldwide. It also develops strategies, cooperation arrangements and approaches for the above issues. The project can then be used to strengthen BMU’s policy initiatives.
Moreover, the project provides advice on improving conditions for the development of the renewable energy market. Another important issue here is private sector mobilisation for expanding renewable energy in developing and emerging economies.

Finally, the project provides flexible support for BMU in multilateral processes and forums. For example, the project team provides assistance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Conference of the Parties (COPs), the G7/G20, conferences of international organisations, the NDC Partnership, the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21).

Results

  • Each year, the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management – UNEP Collaborating Centre publishes a study, Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investments, cofinanced by BMU. The report regularly attracts a great deal of interest and is considered to be one of the leading references worldwide for governments and companies on developments in the expansion of renewable energy.
  • The findings of the cofinanced report ‘Raising Ambition Through Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Greenhouse gas emissions results modelling from 26 countries’ were shared with various delegates in confidential discussions at side events at the Framework Convention on Climate Change (SB50). Delegates showed an interest in incorporating the findings presented into their work on revising the NDCs. The report was drawn up by the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
  • At the International Conference on Climate Action in Heidelberg in May 2019, German Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze presented the Better Together Award to several innovations that were developed in collaboration between companies and municipalities. This award was designed and hosted together with the Impact Hub. One of the winners was an Indian project conducted by Carbonlites and the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike municipality. They developed a container-based biogas plant to process organic waste that prevents the emission of five tonnes of methane and 1.2 tonnes of CO2 emissions each day, while at the same time producing 400 kilos of biogas and one tonne of fertiliser. The possibility of implementing this project in a township near Johannesburg (South Africa) is currently being investigated.

Further information