South-South Cooperation on Migration
Project title: Action for South-South Cooperation in the migration field (Project RECOSA)
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the European Union (EU)
Co-funded by: European Union (EU)
Country: Morocco, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Senegal
Lead executing agency: Delegate Ministry to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Cooperation and Moroccans Residing Abroad, in Charge of Moroccans Residing Abroad (MDCMRE)
Overall term: 2018 to 2021
As a bridge between Europe and sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco has been pursuing a holistic migration policy for several years. Its aim is to strengthen Morocco's relations with its nationals living abroad and to promote the integration of migrants, for example from West Africa, in Morocco. This Moroccan migration policy goes hand-in-hand with increasing South-South mobility.
Against this background, for several years Morocco has been committed to intensified cooperation on migration issues with sub-Saharan countries. The country has signed agreements with Senegal (2013), Côte d'Ivoire (2015) and Mali (2019). Despite the particularities of their respective migration situations, the four countries face many common challenges in working with their diaspora, integrating returnees, protecting migrants' rights and promoting legal migration.
The Action for South-South Cooperation in the field of migration, which is implemented within the framework of the RECOSA project, is designed to address these issues. It is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and by the European Union (EU) via the Trust Fund for Africa. The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is implementing the measure in cooperation with the French public international cooperation agency, Expertise France.
Good practices in migration management are shared between Morocco, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. A regional migration governance is being established through common steering mechanisms and joint learning schemes.
Good practices in migration management are shared between Morocco, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal. A regional migration governance is being established through common steering mechanisms and joint learning schemes.The Action for South-South Cooperation is promoting the exchange of experience between Morocco, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal in the field of migration. It uses domestic and international expertise in each of the four countries to strengthen dialogue and cooperation between the parties involved and to promote joint activities in the following areas:
- Migration and development (especially strategies and approaches to mobilise citizens who have emigrated)
- Protection of migrants' rights (for example using economic and social integration measures)
- South-South mobility (e.g. through pilot actions promoting the mobility of young professionals, students and trainees between the four countries)
In order to facilitate joint learning, the measure is strengthening the skills of key actors and creating platforms for dialogue. Studies and cartographies are providing the data necessary for developing appropriate migration strategies. Pilot measures are being used to try out approaches that will later be adapted and adopted more widely.
The jointly developed action plans for South-South cooperation were officially adopted in June 2019 by Morocco, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali and Senegal after planning workshops had taken place in the four countries.
Initial results were achieved in all three areas of intervention and at all levels. For example, a strategy for mobilising diaspora in Côte d'Ivoire was developed and the national migration policy in Mali was evaluated.
In addition, the project has initiated cooperation between three Ivorian regions and their Moroccan partner regions in the fields of integration and local economic development.
Furthermore, an advice centre for Senegalese nationals abroad (Bureau d'Accueil des Sénégalais de l'Extérieur) was opened in Casablanca and there are plans to establish a mobility service centre in Senegal.
Several integration measures developed in Morocco under the RECOSA project are being adapted in the three partner countries. These include, the sustainable training model in the field of migration, the approach to promote integration through sport in the municipalities and the measure for raising the awareness of young people on migration and integration issues in a playful manner.