Energy transition in development cooperation
Title: Energy in Development Cooperation Support Programme - Energy Transition Cooperation and Regulatory Policy
Commissioned by: Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2018 to 2020
The global energy transition is one of the most extensive transformation processes in history – in social, political and economic terms. Affordability, security of supply, competitiveness as well as environmental and climate aspects must all be considered in equal measure. Innovative government processes, participation strategies and social designs form the basis for this process.
At the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris, developing countries and emerging economies committed themselves to national climate targets (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs). This has increased the pressure on the energy sector to systematically focus on climate-friendly solutions. Particular challenges include rising population figures, combined with rapid economic growth and the increasing concentration of population in megacities.
The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is also committed to fundamental transformation processes to achieve the goals of the 2030 Agenda. These include avoiding the use of fossil fuel power plants in favour of renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency. Energy services must also be needs-oriented, sustainable, affordable and reliable.
The changes required pose enormous challenges for governments. The areas of mobility, transport, urban development, water and agriculture are also impacted and involved.
Bilateral and multilateral development cooperation contribute to improving the development of the energy transition.
The project systematically gathers insight gained from the German energy transition as well as energy-policy experience from partner countries and incorporates these findings into BMZ’s work.
A special focus is on needs-oriented energy services, which covers the basic energy services, the supply of small and medium-sized enterprises, municipalities as well as industries and cities. This can only be achieved through transformation processes based on renewable energy sources and increased energy efficiency in the partner countries.
BMZ's comprehensive advisory services on energy issues improves the ability of German development policy to process various approaches systematically and comprehensively. The focus is on ensuring sustainable energy services, which can only be achieved through energy transition. Dialogue with German and international partners also facilitates the dissemination of approaches developed.