Improving access to drinking water and sanitation for the poverty-stricken
Title: Strengthening resilience for pro-poor basic services in South Sudan
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Country: South Sudan
Overall term: 2019 to 2023
As a result of civil war, unchecked violence, numerous regional conflicts and recurrent crises, basic services in South Sudan in vital fields such as water, health care and energy are continually deteriorating. The effects of the continuing conflicts have led to the displacement of four million people.
South Sudan has hardly any functional water or sanitation infrastructure. Some water sources have been destroyed, while plants for preparing drinking water are often dilapidated and require high maintenance. The national Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation estimates that less than 40 per cent of the entire population has access to safe drinking water. At the same time, only around 10 per cent of the population has access to basic sanitation.
Access to drinking water and sanitation, especially for the disadvantaged sections of the population, has improved.
The project provides transitional development assistance in South Sudan, with a combination of humanitarian aid, development cooperation and peacebuilding. For this purpose, it is cooperating with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
In the project, the ICRC is investing in infrastructure to supply water to Gumbo, a district of the capital city of Juba. This includes a pumping station, a water treatment plant, the 15-kilometre-long supply pipe network, two water reservoirs and a filling station for water tankers and water kiosks. By contrast, the project is dealing with the further structural formation, in particular with setting up a water utility. Gumbo is a place of refuge for numerous internally displaced persons and returnees.
In addition, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH is supporting drinking water and sanitation supply operations in the cities of Torit, Yambio and Yei in the south of the Equatoria region. The project is helping local urban water utilities to improve access to affordable water and sanitation services for low-income population groups.
Together with a vocational education and training facility operated by Don Bosco, the project has also developed specific training courses. These courses impart the technical and operational skills required to ensure the functioning, reliable operation of the water and sanitation supply system.
Finally, decentralised sanitation solutions are to be made available, especially for disadvantaged households and schools. A particular emphasis is placed here on refurbishing and constructing private latrines, building public hand-washing stations, toilets and showers, and introducing sustainable sanitation strategies at schools, including the construction and operation of composting toilets. The construction of the infrastructure is accompanied by extensive hygiene awareness measures.