Transitional assistance in Yemen: Strengthening Resilience and Promoting Rural Households
Title: Strengthening resilience and participation at local level in Yemen
Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)
Overall term: 2019 to 2024
A civil war has been raging in Yemen since 2014, which has resulted in the world’s gravest humanitarian crisis. Even before the onset of hostilities, Yemen was rated as one of the least developed countries in the world. The vast majority of the population (80 per cent) are vulnerable and depend on humanitarian aid. Food is scarce, which leads to malnutrition and diseases among children in particular. At present, 14.3 million people face starvation.
The physical and social infrastructure is outdated in many regions and some of it has been destroyed in the war zones. Two-thirds of people have no access to clean water and sanitation. Of these, the hardest hit are those that are already vulnerable and depend on public services and emergency aid – children, young people, women, single heads of households, persons with disabilities and also war combatants, former child soldiers and the Al-Muhamasheen ethnic minority.
It is currently evident that these alarming figures are worsening even further owing to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the spread of cholera.
Due to the humanitarian situation, a transitional assistance project has been commissioned to serve as a bridge between humanitarian assistance and longer-term development cooperation in Yemen’s crisis.
The resilience of local institutions and vulnerable population groups has improved in the three governorates Dhamar, Ibb and Hadhramaut.
There are four overarching components to the project:
Firstly, it is improving basic services by restoring destroyed social and physical infrastructure such as schools and water pipes.
It is also improving the productive livelihoods of rural households, for example by advising farmers on innovative cultivation and irrigation techniques. Moreover, it conducts Cash for Work (CfW) measures with the aim of temporarily stabilising rural households.
Thirdly, the project is improving the livelihoods of artisanal fishers in the coastal regions of Hadhramaut by rebuilding landing sites and marketing structures and training women and young people to maintain fishing nets and boat engines.
Fourthly, the project is working to promote social cohesion and peaceful coexistence. To this end, it implements pilot projects with local civil-society organisations.
The project has two cooperation partners. The AKKON University in Berlin performs measures in the area of preventive health care, water supply and waste management. Seton Hall University in New Jersey is developing a mechanism for implementing conflict-sensitive small-scale projects based on a study it performed independently.
Latest update: November 2020